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IT'S MORE THAN JUST OIL. IT'S LIQUID ENGINEERING.

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  3. MISSION MILESTONES

MISSION MILESTONES

The Mars Perseverance Rover will be on Mars and exploring for at least one Mars year, that's 687 Earth days. We will track, share and celebrate the significant, astounding discoveries that the mission achieves.

MISSION MILESTONES – ON EARTH

TIMELINE ON earth

December 2012

Mission Approved!

July 2014

Design and Payload Confirmed

May 2018

- Helicopter on board technology demo

- Landing parachute design

November 2019

Landing site announced – Jezero Crater

March 2020

Rover Named – Perserverance

June 2020

Rover assembly completed

July 2020
  • Rover loaded to Atlas V-541 Rocket
  • Lift off at 4:50am PDT on 20th July from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, USA
Castrol On Mars

MISSION MILESTONEs- ON MARS

Castrol On Mars
Castrol On Mars

TIMELINE on mars

February 2021
18th February 2021

Perserverance landed safely on Mars – at the Jezero Crater and sends 1st tweet

Hello, world. My first look at my forever home

22nd February 2021

First recording shared from Mars

24th February 2021

The Mastcam-Z instrument sends 3D panormic images with Earth

March 2021
4th March 2021

First test drive

10th March 2021

Supercam Science Instrument tests rock fomations with laser

17th March 2021

First sound captured driving over Mars surface, rocks

30th March 2021

Rover’s 1st 3D Selfie at Mont Mercou

April 2021
3rd April 2021

First test flight of Ingenuity Helicopter

4th April 2021

Ingenuity survives martian night alone – temperature as low as 130 degrees farenheit, no cracked batteries

6th April 2021

Sends first weather forecast  

7th April 2021

Second selfie with both Peserverance and Ingenuity using end robotic arm

19th April 2021

World record powered controlled flight on planet Mars over Jereza crater

21st April 2021

MOXIE instrument converts carbon dioxide to oxygen

May 2021
11th May 2021

Scientific research on rocks and formations with robotic arm in ancient crater

12th May 2021

Ingenuity shares a 3D in flight with planet earth

June 2021
8th June 2021

NASA's Mars helicopter Ingenuity took this photo of its own shadow with its navigation camera during its seventh Red Planet flight

Artwork of NASA's Mars 2020 mission. The mission consists of a 3-metre-long rover called Perseverance, and a smaller 'rotorcraft' (1.2 metres in diameter, not shown here) called Ingenuity. The helicopter is expected to fly five missions during the first 30 days of the mission, scouting locations for the rover. It is the first attempt at flight on another planet. The rover, meanwhile, will search for past signs of life in the red Martian soil, limiting its search to the bed of an ancient lake (now a crater called Jezero) and will prepare samples left on the planet's surface for later recovery and analysis on Earth. The rover is seen against a Martian sunset.

SCALE OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGE

There have been around 50 Mars missions so far, of which about half have been successful.

 

NASA’s engineers refer to the descent as the “seven minutes of terror”, anything that makes it to the Martian surface has to negotiate with an exceedingly  difficult landing.

 

successful missions TO MARS

1. Viking 1 (lander) - 1976
The first successful landing on Mars came in July 1976, when NASA‘s Viking 1 touched down on Chryse Planitia (The Plains of Gold).
This lander was part of the space agency’s Viking programme, which consisted of another spacecraft, Viking 2.
As well as taking photographs and collecting science data on the Martian surface, Viking 1 also carried out three biology experiments designed to look for possible signs of life.
According to NASA, these experiments discovered unexpected and enigmatic chemical activity in the Martian soil, but provided no clear evidence for the presence of living micro-organisms in soil near the landing sites.
Viking 1 held the record for the longest Mars surface mission, continuing its work for more than six years until it was broken by the Opportunity Rover in 2010.


2. Viking 2 (lander) - 1976
Hot on the heels of Viking 1’s success, NASA landed on Mars again in September 1976 with Viking 2.
The sister ship touched down on the plains of Utopia Planitia, where it took photos and - like its predecessor - found sterile soil that did not show clear evidence of microbial life.
The lander shut down in 1980 after its batteries failed.


3. Pathfinder (lander) - 1997

Pathfinder landed on Mars' Ares Vallis in July 1997, carrying a six-wheeled robotic Rover named Sojourner.
It was the first successful lander since the two Vikings touched down in 1976.
Pathfinder’s mission was to prove that the development of “faster, better and cheaper” spacecraft was possible and that it was also viable to send lots of scientific instruments to another planet with a simple system.
Sojourner was the first wheeled vehicle to be used on any planet.
The pair collected data on Mars' geological, soil, magnetic and atmospheric properties.
NASA‘s final contact with Pathfinder was in September 1997 and, in 2003, Sojourner was inducted into the Robot Hall of Fame.

 

4. Spirit (Rover) - 2004
This robotic space explorer landed within the impact crater Gusev on Mars in January 2004 as part of NASA‘s Mars Exploration Rover mission.
Along with its twin, the Opportunity Rover, Spirit’s key role was to study the history of climate and water at areas on the red planet where conditions may once have been favourable to life.
The spacecraft continued working for more than six years - far beyond its initial 90-day mission - and stopped communicating with NASA in 2011 following a global dust storm on Mars.


5. Opportunity (Rover) - 2004
Opportunity landed on the other side of Mars - on the flat plains of Meridiani Planum - nearly three weeks after its twin.
It was the first Rover to identify and characterise sedimentary rocks on a planet other than Earth.
Opportunity discovered small spheres of a compound known as hematite (nicknamed blueberries), and found white veins of the mineral gypsum at the Endeavour crater - a tell-tale sign of water that once travelled through underground fractures.
Opportunity worked longer on the surface of Mars than any other robot - more than 14 years. It ceased communications in 2018 following a planetary dust storm.
Both Spirit and Opportunity took thousands of pictures of Mars, returning more than 342,000 raw images.

 

6. Phoenix (lander) - 2008
A robotic spacecraft, Phoenix touched down in May 2008 research the history of water on Mars.
The lander dug, scooped, baked, sniffed and tasted the Red Planet’s soil, according to NASA.
It verified the presence of water-ice in the Martian subsurface, which NASA‘s Mars Odyssey orbiter first detected remotely in 2002.
The mission lasted about seven months - its solar power dropped upon the arrival of the Martian winter.

 

7. Curiosity (Rover) - 2012
This car-sized Rover was designed to explore the red planet’s Gale crater as part of NASA‘s Mars Science Laboratory mission.
Even though it landed nearly nine years ago, the mission still remains active.
Curiosity has a wide range of achievements under its belt - including finding evidence of persistent liquid water in the past; measuring methane at the surface; and detecting sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and carbon, which are key ingredients necessary for life.
The Rover’s design - and some of its instruments - have been adapted for the Perseverance mission.

 

8. InSight (lander) - 2018
This NASA spacecraft landed in November 2018 and is the only active lander in operation on the red planet (excluding the Curiosity Rover).
Its aim was to shine new light on how Mars was formed and its deep structure, by mapping its core, crust and mantle.
The mission has measured numerous marsquakes and continues to gather data to better understand the formation of Mars and other rocky planets.

 

9. Tianwen-1 Orbiter/Zhurong Rover- 2020

Orbiter arrived in Feb. 2021; China released lander for successful touchdown and Rover deployment in May 2021

 

10. Mars Perseverance- 2021

Successfully searching for signs of ancient life and collecting samples for future return to Earth

 

Learn more about Mars exploration from NASA


 

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